Dr. Anna St. James is the heroine of my recent historical romance novel, Escape to the Biltmore. As a woman doctor in 1895 New York, she suffered discrimination and bigotry from men in the medical profession. Women doctors in America during the Victorian Age all suffered persecution and abuse simply for their attempt to be doctors. This practice was not isolated to America. British medical practitioners also excluded women from their ranks. A few brave pioneers gradually opened the doors to the role of women in medicine. These actual historical heroes of women’s medicine were role models for my fictional character, Dr. Anna St. James.
The links below provide a foundation into this research.
- Gender roles in the 19th century by Kathryn Hughes
- Dr. Emily Dunning Barringer
- Elizabeth Blackwell, M.D., America’s first female doctor